By Terry M. Mays
In 1981 the association of African harmony (OAU) mandated and fielded the 1st local peacekeeping operation because the Arab League's project in Kuwait twenty years prior. Battalion-sized contingents from Nigeria, Senegal, and Zaire have been joined by means of smaller observer contingents from different OAU individuals so as to supply a buffer region among the 2 major factions within the Chadian civil war.
Mays opens his research through delivering an summary of the idea that of peacekeeping. a number of definitions are provided to assist distinguish among many of the forms of peace operations. After studying the idea that hegemon, he seems on the methods nearby and subregional hegemons make the most of peacekeeping operations as international coverage instruments as they defend their pursuits. Mays argues that Nigeria, as a West African hegemon, served because the relocating strength in the back of the mandating and fielding of the OAU peacekeeping challenge in Chad. instead of being simply humanitarian in nature, Nigeria's motivation incorporated the removing of French and later Libyan infantrymen from a vulnerable country on its border. in spite of the fact that, Nigeria couldn't practice the duty by myself. France and the us have been instrumental in addition within the mandating and fielding technique. French and American pursuits stemmed from drawback over Libyan factors in Chad. Nigeria saved the hassle to mandate the peacekeeping operation alive for 2 years; France proved to be the stimulus at the back of persuading the Chadian executive to just accept the deployment of OAU peacekeepers and prompting the Senegalese to give a contribution a battalion to the project; the U.S. contributed by means of conserving France and Nigeria interested in a peacekeeping answer and aiding convince Zaire to hitch the challenge.
Mays deals the 1st finished exam of the OAU peacekeeping project and studies the political and army association of the strength in addition to its deployment, redeployment plans, logistics, and operations among the Chadian factions. using an in depth selection of assets, together with interviews with contributors, diplomats, and govt files, he provdies an in depth exam of each meeting/conference among 1979 and 1981 that mentioned a peacekeeping alternative for Chad. elements of good fortune in conventional peacekeeping operations are utilized to the OAU project, and he concludes by means of reviewing the effect of the 1981-1982 OAU operation on present African peacekeeping traits. a useful research for students, scholars, and different researchers concerned with peacekeeping, diplomacy, and African studies.
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Africa's First Peacekeeping Operation: The OAU in Chad, 1981-1982 by Terry M. Mays